Here the parallel for "your neighbor" is "members of your community." The scribes prided themselves in defining relationships. You must make up your own mind based on how well you can read and if you can read what something says rather than what you want something to say. He or she does not oppress others nor rob them (verse 13). He used a hated Samaritan as the hero of the parable. The Samaritans dated back to 722 B.C. willing. If they are an employer, they pay their employees fairly (verse 13). Here the parallel for "your neighbor" is "members of your community." Jesus told him that was correct and added, "Do this and you will live" (v. 28). You are to love him as yourself, for you were foreigners in the land of egypt; I am Yahweh your God" (Lev. That the answer should be, that my neighbor is anyone who helps me when I am in trouble since Jesus said "Who was the neighbor "to" the injured man." “Who is my neighbor?” becomes a natural question to ask. He afterward besieged and destroyed the capital city of Samaria.9 Even James and John, the "sons of thunder," wanted to destroy a Samaritan village by fire (Luke 9:51-55). Bible Topics In The Christian Library : WHO IS MY NEIGHBOR? This affects the way we see those around us. (Luke 10:29).1 Jesus' response was totally unexpected and ran contrary to traditional thinking. We're sorry, an error occurred. The Samaritan had kept the Law as God intended by loving his "neighbor" as he loved himself. For instance, exodus 3:22 and 11:2 use the word to describe egyptians living close by, from whom the Israelites were to ask gold and silver jewelry on the eve of the exodus. * Indicated Required Field See our Privacy Policy. But he, willing to justify himself, said to Jesus, And who is my neighbor? When the Samaritans pleaded with alexander the Great to release them from required tribute payments because they had let the land rest (as Moses commanded), Alexander refused their request after determining they were not true Jews. have any of the rulers or Pharisees believed in him? Whoever you meet or see today is your neighbor, and the Bible doesn’t specify that only Christians are our neighbors. The Israelites were to treat such persons fairly and kindly and were not to cheat or rob them.2 Further, they were to extend the same kindness to the foreigner dwelling among them: "when a foreigner lives with you in your land, you must not oppress him. In Leviticus 19:18, the term clearly referred to a fellow Hebrew: "Do not take revenge or bear a grudge against members of your community, but love your neighbor as yourself; I am Yahweh." Although the Law demanded hebrews to be neighborly to one another and to foreigners dwelling among them, enemies were a different matter. To them the lines were clear. Who Are You in the Story of the Good Samaritan? In the Old Testament Era. A good neighbor does not steal, is not deceptive, does not lie, and does not falsely swear in God’s name (verses 11-12). Growing Disciples Series: Minister to Others  | In this six-session Bible study you will learn that service-oriented evangelistic ministries are among the purest expressions of ministry-based evangelism available to the church in the new millennium. Is that right? ’ Exodus 23:4-5 “If you meet your enemy’s ox or his donkey wandering away, you shall surely return it to him. 9:4-9; Mic. A hated Samaritan put his life at risk by stopping, treating the Jew's wounds, placing him on the Samaritan's own animal, and taking him to a nearby inn. The duty to love one’s neighbor included the stranger and the outsider. How much more would the Jews have shunned the hated Samaritans, a group that had no advocates among the Jewish people. Jesus asked the scribe, "Which ... proved to be a neighbor?" The Samaritans built their own temple on the slopes of Mount Gerizim. 139:21-22; see Matt. The scribes' rulings dictated to the Pharisees and to all observant Jews parameters for permissible relationships. We'd love to hear from you. \"Who is my neighbor?\" This is a radical truth. If you see the donkey of one who hates you lying helpless under its load, you shall refrain from leaving it to him, you shall surely release it with him. Likewise the Pharisees separated themselves from contamination, which they believed non-observant Jews transmitted. This separation applied to fellow Israelites. The command to love one’s neighbor as oneself comes originally from Leviticus 19:18, which says, “Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against anyone among your people, but love your neighbor as yourself. Next week we’ll wrap up our study of the Parable of the Good Samaritan with the final stage of the inductive method: application. Both a priest and Levite returning from Jerusalem had ignored a wounded Jew on the treacherous Jericho Road, thus preventing defilement and avoiding responsibility for a fellow Jew. But this crowd, which doesn't know the law, is accursed!" This would have been key in the interpretation, for if a person omitted some group that God intended, he would have violated the Law. In the meantime, think about what this parable, and all of Luke 10, means for you today. The imprecatory psalms gave scriptural warrant to hate one's enemies: "Lord, don't I hate those who hate You, and detest those who rebel against You? They give to the poor and the foreigner (verse 10). Customer Service Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. CT Monday - Friday Phone: (800) 458-2772. To ensure you receive the best experience on LifeWay.com, we use cookies to process information about your visit. Growing Disciples Series: Minister to Others. Select an option and chat directly with a member of our support team. The Israelites were to treat such persons fairly and kindly and were not to cheat or rob them.2 Further, they were to extend the same kindness to the foreigner dwelling among them: "when a foreigner lives with you in your land, you must not oppress him. I am the Lord.” The original meaning of neighbor was "associate" (Hebrew, rea). Read more articles. You shall love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, with all your being, with all your strength, and with all your mind, and your neighbour as yourself – Luke 10:27. In fact, in a message from October 1996 commenting on the good Samaritan, I said, "The Lord shows that our neighbor is any person whose need we know and are able to meet. They were called "enemies" in Ezra 4 when they attempted to help rebuild the Temple and the city of Jerusalem.7 The hostility between the Jew and Samaritan was legendary. Further, the Samaritans started false signal fires to throw off the Jewish pilgrims who were traveling from the euphrates region to keep the Passover.8. Owe no one anything, except to love each other, for the one who loves another has fulfilled the law. Today’s Bible Verse of the Day Reflections. The original meaning of neighbor was "associate" (Hebrew, rea). Free shipping on books, Bibles, gifts, VBS and Church Supplies of $50 or more. In their place were Elamites and Assyrians, who interbred with the poor Israelites left in the land, resulting in a half-breed race stigmatized with idolatry and uncleanness. The term now included the least expected. You must regard the foreigner who lives with you as the native-born among you. Jesus responded by asking him to summarize the law, which he did by quoting Deuteronomy 6:5 and Leviticus 19:18 - "Love the Lord your God with all your heart, ... soul, ... strength, and ... mind; and your neighbor as yourself" (v. 27). He had come testing him, i.e. Find answers to some of the more asked questions. There he negotiated with the innkeeper for the man's care, giving him two denarii (two days' wages) and promised to pay more, if needed. (v. 29). Jesus responded, "Go and do the same" (vv. To refuse to treat one's neighbor justly was a cause for national disintegration and invited God's judgment (Isa. On this pat… Who Are You in the Story of the Good Samaritan? See our holiday shipping schedule to receive your gifts on time. This verse sums up the commandment of love as given … A narrower interpretation of "neighbor" arose, one the Qumran community and the Pharisees espoused.