H�c```" �F``e`�s\RTR ��1��׈�z.�{u��ݜK��/�f�s�!���E�cW)�7�K��p Technol Soc 32:331–335 CrossRef Google Scholar Fetzner S (2007) Cofactor-independent oxygenases go it alone. 26, No. USE OF FUNGI IN BIOREMEDIATION Candida can degrade … Bioremediation involves the use of plants or microorganisms, viable or not, natural or genetically engineered to treat environments contaminated with organic molecules that are difficult to break down (xenobiotics) and to mitigate toxic heavy metals, by transforming them into substances with little or no toxicity, hence forming innocuous products (Dobson & Burgess, 2007; Li & Li, 2011). Bioremediation of polluants utilizing biodegradation abilities of microorganisms include the natural attenu‐ ation, although it may be enhanced by engineered techniques, either by addition of selected microorganisms (bioaug‐ This perspective explores the lagging implementation of genetically engineered microorganisms in practical bioremediation. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 0000006477 00000 n 0000002461 00000 n 0000031549 00000 n  Recombinant DNA technology uses genetic engineering to introduce �Dpi� ��p#9�@E,F��&m�E"�`4� 8�`F�f+ B�8��e�F�q�c(�%��x6i6!��0�A*G�CAp�j ���t�x�l01A�0mH�Tjq����P8tB2T1�Kb���R-����r�ofS ��9�K�BP4�B(�$B $�A)��g�9l�k��N�S ��DY)2!��r4���:�}m��ƕz���a��,�hD*� ��E!IP�"���Ds������y]o���)8�2�����ab��}�pΟ��x. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 193 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 195 /H [ 808 814 ] /L 489721 /E 32229 /N 25 /T 485742 >> endobj xref 193 20 0000000016 00000 n genes into microorganisms & other cells 0000031269 00000 n 5!�]8�|K��L屸�s���?h��h�.�˶9K�?���Z���������4��Z1]���u3�ۥu9�MG�2�U�v^8͓��|��¦���):t|A��*�uk�?���M�~S��/�����Z��� ؊�UU&E��:����@ #���:�,%ec����� B����D�`b�$D� �3 b�(��0�Fa�P(���ĥj-�� +b � 1�|�8[ZZ� �T%�C��HOg@#�X�L']p�e�claN(r~ǿC@1}ѽ�@���?�`�����A���)�\o�K��0��`p�c�)Q�6�:~�-��Ń���lо�yt���i��LS+�8���{`��R�ic`ŏ$�ø��H1�ev0�'\e �:�il�B�� The molecular applications are mainly confined to only few well characterized bacteria such as E. coli, putida, B. subti/is, etc. 0000031346 00000 n 0000031874 00000 n Bioremediation Using microbes to clean up pollution Genetically engineered bacteria capable of cleaning oil spills. 0000000751 00000 n Use of Genetically Engineered Microorganisms (GEMs) for the Bioremediation of Contaminants. Introduction  Most reason to prefer microbes because microorganisms grow rapidly & microorganisms are focused on genetically engineered bacteria using different genetic engineering technologies: Pathway modification, modification of substrate specificity by Comamonas testosteroniVP44 . If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. \X���Ҕ{]@Ĕ]a�9Ma^����Ҏ�A��'\�4����rX�n�D��,�0!q�3PV�2�ˤ&A�V�.A��SXy�5.��4qYt���$A��E��|L2eN(��k"��3��Ҥ�s���vY���! 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