Galls containing the fungal spores appear on twigs in early April as tiny dimpled growths, ranging in size from 0.375” to more than 1” in diameter. One of the best examples of this is Juniperus virginiana, or the eastern red-cedar, one of the several "cedars" that are actually junipers. It is the most common juniper in eastern North America. As previously mentioned, it is an alternative host for cedar-apple rust, a fungal disease that causes serious leaf and fruit spot damage on apple trees. Leaf arrangement: whorled (Fig. Unlike the eastern red cedar, the western red cedar is a massive type of tree, reaching up to 230 ft. (70 m) tall. The tree was once the primary wood used to make pencils but has been replaced with cheaper woods and synthetic materials. Redcedar can make a nice Christmas tree, and the fragrant wood is popular for repelling insects. EASTERN RED CEDAR Juniperus virginiana Sarg. The popular Gulf coast town of Cedar Key, Florida was named for its historic abundance of redcedar and was once home to large pencil factory. The most common juniper in western North America is the Rocky Mountain juniper. scale-like; scales rounded, close to twig; Fruit Characteristics. We have not been able to find anything in the literature concerning the possible transition structure of the cedar from a needle bearing tree with cones to one with leaves and fruit. Leaf Characteristics. Timber from western red cedars is exceptionally durable, making the tree important in the timber industry. The disease has a minor effect on the eastern redcedar itself. Its high salt-tolerance makes it ideal for seaside locations. Eastern redcedar, sometimes called pencil-cedar, is the most widespread juniper in the eastern United States. The dense growth and attractive foliage make Eastern Redcedar a favorite for windbreaks, screens, and wildlife-cover for large-scale landscapes. The factory … It has rich glossy foliage that grows in a pyramid shape. All junipers produce small seed cones that resemble berries. (Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) - 03) In this enlarged photo we can see the details of the Eastern red cedar's "leaf" structure and berries. This false cedar is an evergreen conifer from the family Cupressaceae. Red Cedar, Eastern Red Cedar. English: coast juniper; coast red cedar; eastern red cedar; eastern red juniper; pencil cedar; red juniper; red-cedar; savin; savin red cedar; southern red cedar; Virginian pencil Spanish: enebro americano; enebro de Virginia; enebro virginiano; sabina de Virginia; Sabina virginiana Plant Symbol = JUVI Contributed by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center, Carlinville (IL) Field Office, & Missouri State Office Alternative Names Cedar tree, juniper, savin, evergreen, cedar apple, and Virginia red cedar Uses Ethnobotanic: The red cedar is used by many tribes for incense in purification and ritual (Kindscher 1992).